A History of a Conference Call

Businesses have a need to allow people to collaborate on various projects, sharing ideas and opinions; this allows a business to stay connected. Conference calls have been the cornerstone of this ideal for decades now, but where did the concept begin?

Asen Yordanoff’s Jordanphone was introduced in 1945. This device would amplify the voice coming from the mouthpiece of a traditional phone and wirelessly transmit it to a loudspeaker for multiple parties to hear. While in today’s telephony terms this can be thought of more as an external page, it was a pioneering concept of its day.

In the early 1960s Bell Labs developed the Picturephone, and while it didn’t completely envelope the concept of the modern conference call, it did allow people to record and share images of themselves that would be sent every two seconds over three phone lines thousands of miles away to another person in California. With three phone lines dedicated to one entire phone call and the high equipment cost, Bell Labs was gambling on their hope that corporations would see this as a true need.

Bell Labs’ concept was prophetic; they envisioned this device as a need for businesses to conduct virtual meetings over a wide geographical distance. For the residential market, they hoped this service of seeing loved ones “live” could be profitable. When put into practical use, Picturephones were too expensive and implementation was too complicated. In the end, the project was abandoned.

Electronic switching of analog signal brought forth a plethora of new services in the telephony industry. In 1971, Illinois Bell would present a multitude of services that phone users became very familiar with: call waiting, speed dialing, call forwarding, and three-way calling. Three-way calling would allow a party on an active call to use “hook flash” (pressing the button upon which the phone rests) to allow the telephone company to present a secondary dial tone to the phone. The user would then dial the third number, and once that call was connected, use the hook flash to bring together all three audio streams.

With the advent of digital telephony and enterprise PBX in today’s corporate environment, many strides have been made in continuing to improve conference calling. A conference bridge is a service that hosts a number of conferences, allowing users to log in to them. Conference bridges were traditionally built upon analog PBX circuits, but within an individual organization a digital conference bridge can allow users can log into virtual meetings via analog or IP phone, web clients, even apps on their smart phones. The conference bridge is typically hosted on a server, and in many enterprise organizations, is managed locally by an administrator for a voice network.

In today’s market, features vary widely between brands of conference or teleconferencing bridges. The feature to allow video conferences alone is valuable, and careful research must be completed to determine which conference technologies are right for the organization.

History of Online Games

Much can be talked about online games history and much can be known as well as learned during this process. Hence one should know the origins of the various types of online games which are responsible for the present degree of enjoyment.

The magic started around the year 1969 when a two player game was developed with the basic aim for education. The path has seen an upward trend and hence many changes and new introductions took place since that time. All of these changes were quite fantastic in terms of the features that they provided as these features were completely new for that time period and hence were vested with a mammoth degree of attraction.

Hence the first multi-player game was born as a result of a toils of the scientists and the software developers. Many things about gaming were learned during this period and all of them were incorporated into the games that were built.

Online games really blossomed after the year 1995 when the restrictions imparted by the NSFNET(National Science Foundation Network) were removed. This resulted in the access to the complete domain of the internet and hence multi-player games became online ‘literally’ to the maximum possible degree of realism. The monetary success of the parent companies who first launched these games were ample source of encouragement for other companies to venture in this field. Hence competition continues to grow from that moment to even as this article is being written. The features hence became more advanced in an effort to implement immaculate product differentiation and the resulting games became more and more advanced. Today most of the online games that are present are also free and hence they are able to provide ample resources of enjoyment without the need to spend a single penny.

Online games history bears a illuminating aspect to it and hence it should be known by all those who love to play online games. Free games were have been a part of online games for quite some time now and hence an idea about free games history is also quite interesting. The first games that were declared free were basically board games like chess and backgammon and today the list has increased to free games being present in almost all the feasible genres of games.

The study of the history of both online as well as their free versions gives an idea as to how these marvels were conceptualized and how were their ancestors(the first original games that were built like the first flight simulation game which was developed around 1979). Online games history is full of magical solutions to all the questions which must have been raised in the mind of perhaps every gamer.

Taking A Look At Sports Betting Tips

Cricket betting is very popular all over the world, but the unfortunate thing is that many people don’t know how to bet. Are you new in betting? Here are important tips that you should put into consideration:

How to Be Safe When Betting

While you can make a lot of money through betting, it’s advisable that you be very cautious when betting in order to avoid losing a lot of your money. One of the cautionary measures that you should take is to ensure that you don’t stake more than 5% of your deposited money on a single bet.

Another tip is to ensure that you bet only in the games that you understand. For example, you shouldn’t bet in cricket if you don’t understand the game is played. It’s also unwise to bet if you don’t understand the history of the team that you are putting your money on.

It’s common to lose money in betting; therefore, you shouldn’t bet an amount that you can’t afford to lose. The best way of doing things is by setting a budget and sticking to it. This calls for you to be very disciplined. For example, if you have set aside $20 for betting, you shouldn’t try to spend more than this.

It’s very wise to shop around while betting. This calls for you to research and identify the best bookies that are value to you. For example, if you are betting in cricket you should do your research and identify the best bookmakers in cricket betting.

Never chase loses: it’s common to feel that you need to chase a lose in order to reduce the amount of money that you are going to lose. This is very wrong in betting as you end up spending more money that you had budgeted for. To avoid this mistake you need to understand that sometimes you have to lose in betting and all you need to do is to lose and walk away.

Check the weather conditions: the weather conditions have a great impact in a game. Before you place your bet always ensure that you know how the weather is. For example, you should know whether it’s windy, sunny or rainy.

Conclusion

These are some of the tips that you should put into consideration when betting on sports. As mentioned, always ensure that you don’t bet on an amount that you can’t afford to lose. To increase the chances of winning, ensure that you arm yourself with all the information that you need.

The Evolution of Slot Machines

Throughout the years, slot machines have become increasingly popular, allowing players to enjoy hours of fun whilst having the chance to win cash prizes at the same time. From the historical ‘One-Armed Bandit’ to the video slots that occupy a large section of many online casinos today, these games have witnessed a surge in popularity across the world.

This article will discuss the history of these machines and their progression from land-based games to internet gaming sensations.

When Was The Slot Machine Invented?

The first slot machine as we might know it today can be traced back to around 1891. Known as the ‘One-Armed Bandit’, this slot was invented in New York by Sittman and Pitt. With five drums acting as reels and a lever on the side to set them off, it had 50 card symbols to land. As is the case with modern fruit machine slots, they were commonly used in bars across the country.

The First Automatic Slot

Not long after the invention of the ‘One-Armed Bandit’, the first automatic slot was invented by a man called Charles Fey in California, in 1895. With just three reels, this slot was widely regarded as running on a much simpler mechanism and only had five reel symbols.

Named the Liberty Bell, this first automatic slot could be seen as an influencer for some modern video slots today that still use three reels and a minimal amount of symbols.

Reel Symbols

Fruit symbols have long been associated with slots and this perhaps stems from 1907 and the invention of Herbert Mills’s slot machine. Called the Operator Bell, Herbert Mills created it to rival that of Charles Fey.

Despite the evolution of slot machines and reel symbols being comprised of just about anything, many video slots still choose to use classic fruit symbols. The likes of Double Bubble, one of the most popular video slots around, draws on classic features and symbols while still providing players with a modern spinning experience.

Slot Machines As We Know Them

In 1963, Bally Manufacturing managed to produce a slot without a side-mounted lever. As the first electromechanical slot machine, it could reward coins automatically without an attendant to help. Called Money Honey, this slot machine paved the way for electronic games of the future.

The Introduction Of Video Slots

Although Bally Manufacturing managed to bring electronic functionality to the slots scene around 13 years earlier, the first real video slots were invented in the mid-70s in California. Fortune Coin Co developed video slot technology in 1976, mounting a display on a slot machine cabinet and gaining approval from the Nevada State Gaming Commission.

Video Slots Today

The video slots we know today and their place in gaming can be traced back to the 1990s and the launch of the first online casinos. In 1994, the first online casino launched featuring a range of video slots to play.

There are currently hundreds of online casinos at which to play thousands of video slots. They’re provided by a number of software suppliers and seem to span across all types of categories and genres.

The chances to win huge cash sums are ever-present, more so with the introduction of progressive slots. With these games, some are linked up to wider networks, allowing prize funds to grow at a rapid rate and regularly reaching the millions.