The History of Solitaire

While people have been playing solitary games with cards, dice, stones and pegs since the dawn of recorded history, solitaire, used to describe games for which the goal is to arrange a deck of cards from a chaotic pattern to an ordered pattern, only saw description in card gaming literature beginning about 1765. This element of creating order from chaos likely stems from a combination of cartomancy forms like Tarot and Germanic culture, as the mid 18th century was when many of the modern cartomantic layouts were established. The first definitive recording of a game of Solitaire comes from a German gaming book from 1783.

Solitaire was originally known as Patience, and was a competitive game between two players. The goal was to complete the game before the other player. However, it soon took hold as a solitary pursuit, probably due to the fact that practicing it alone offered the same gaming experience as competing with another. The solitary nature of Patience also likely stemmed from its similarities with another solitary card pursuit, Tarot.

Similarities and Differences between Solitaire and Tarot

Indeed, there are many similarities between Tarot and Solitaire, known as Patience back when it was first created. Both are solitary pursuits, often done to engage the mind with a system of rules rather than with another person. Both can use the same set of cards, with both fifty-two and seventy-eight card Solitaire games recorded in its infancy. Both make use of pre-ordained arrangements. There is even a tradition, still alive in Germany and Scandinavia today, of using Solitaire as a means for divination. If one “wins” within the first few games, times will be good and luck will smile on you, whereas if one loses a string of games, the cards are saying to be cautious.

Yet they differ also, and this is where the German cultural values come in as opposed to the Roma or even Egyptian elements that found Tarot. Namely, Solitaire is concerned with building an ordered card structure at the end, rather than an ordered mental or “spiritual” structure in the way that Tarot is designed to do.

Historical Stories about Solitaire

Napoleon was said to be a card gaming fanatic, and everywhere he went, he learned the local forms of playing cards. The strategic mind that won him so many battles across Europe was well-suited for cards, and Solitaire was no exception. While the conqueror was generally surrounded by enough people that he didn’t play Patience or other forms of Solitaire while he was rampaging through Europe, upon his exile the stories went that all he did was play Patience endlessly. A brilliant strategist’s mind never sleeps, so the story went.

Around that time in the 19th century, different forms of Solitaire were gaining traction throughout France, but historical evidence shows that while Napoleon played cards in exile, he never played Patience. Regardless, so popular did Solitaire become in France, in part due to the stories told about their greatest general, that many of the terminology used in Solitaire today derives from French.

Solitaire caught on among English speakers beginning in the mid 19th century, when Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria and passionate social reformer, was said to play Solitaire often in his spare time. It is fascinating to trace the rise and fall of Solitaire’s popularity in terms of changes, orderings, and restructurings of a society at any given time. It took about half a century for Solitaire to make its way across the pond to the United States, where it caught on like wildfire during the gold rush of the early 20th century, and again during the Great Depression of the 1930s.

One final story about Solitaire is tragic. During the fall of the Nazi Regime, Adolf Hitler was said to have taken his most trusted lieutenants and staff, among them Joseph Goebbles and his wife and children, to a bunker to avoid being raped and defiled by the advancing Soviets. Magda Goebbles was said to be a solitaire enthusiast, and the story goes that after she fed cyanide to her children, she played Patience, a sort of sad tribute to the Nazi attempts to create a “perfectly ordered society.”

Common Solitaire Synonyms

Patience – Used throughout the UK today, Patience was the original name for solitary card games. The sense was that rather than using bluffs, personality traits, or luck to win the game, the primary quality exercised was that of patience.

Klondike – Solitaire is often a synecdoche for Klondike, meaning that it is so well-known that people use the term “Solitaire” to refer to Klondike exclusively. Klondike is a form of solitaire that involves alternating suits, cascades of cards, a four-suit set of foundations, and a deck. It is the simplest form of solitaire that still contains every element solitaire is best known for. The name “Klondike” comes from the fact that it was made popular during the Gold Rush of the early 1900s which took place in the Alaskan Klondike region.

The Unofficial History of Cribbage and Sir John Suckling

One of England’s greatest contributions to Western Civilization is the card game Cribbage, at least in the opinion of avid Cribbage players. Sir John Suckling is the one responsible for bringing us the game that we love today. Although there is no evidence to truly prove that Sir John Suckling was the creator of Cribbage, he is, at the very least, the one responsible for publishing and spreading the game all through the land.

Sir John Suckling, poet, playwright, master bowler/gambler and notorious womanizer, was born at Whitton, between Twickenham and Hounslow, Middlesex, on February 10, 1609. He was born into a very prominent family in England, although after his mother died when he was four years of age, his father was in charge of rearing the young child. His father was a member of the English Parliament and was the “controller” of the King’s household until his untimely death in 1627. Sir John was at the age of 18 when his father passed and was old enough to inherit his father’s considerably large estate. After receiving the inheritance he spent countless amount of money traveling, womanizing and of course gambling.

In 1623 he enrolled in Trinity College, Cambridge and then to Gray’s Inn in 1627. At the young age of 18, he pursued a military career and joined the army of Gustavus Adolphus during the Thirty Years’ War. At the age of 21, King Charles I knighted Suckling. The king quickly regretted the decision, so Suckling left the court and became involved in several different military adventures. He was said to have served in an expedition against France and it has been said that he fought in Lord Wimbledon’s regiments in the Dutch service. In October 1631, Sir John joined Sir Henry Vane who was serving under Gustavus Adolphus, King of Sweden. In 1632, Suckling quickly came back into King Charles’s good graces after delivering the dispatches, by orders of Vane, and after completing his mission he returned and remained in England.

After that he pretty much filled his time gambling, womanizing, and serving in the military for the rest of the decade. This is where he was said to have invented the beloved game of cribbage, which had some similar features to the games, Noddy and One-and-Thirty. Although when the Scottish war of 1639 began, he left his beloved cards and women to raise a troop of 100 horsemen and his army joined King Charles in the north. When the war ended, peacefully, in 1639, Sir John returned to London. He was elected to Parliament in 1640, but in May 1641 he was involved in a vain attempt to free a political prisoner, Thomas Wentworth, the earl of Stratford and held in the Tower of London. Sir John Suckling was then charged with treason and had to flee to France with very few belongings and almost no financial assistance, to avoid arrest.

In order to establish some kind of financial security in one of his darkest hours, Suckling started selling a large number of marked packs of cards and distributed them amongst the richest population in the region. He then started playing cards where the marked cards were distributed. In 1642, it was believed that Sir John Suckling committed suicide by taking poison. It has been said that his greatest accomplishments were the lyrics to “why so pale” and “wan fond lover?” and for Cribbage, which has changed very little since Suckling’s day and is one of the most popular card games in the English speaking world.

BEANO to Bingo – History of Bingo

BINGO was originated in 16th century in ITALY. Before that a game known as “LOTTERY”was introduced which got popular within people and government. The first state that introduced this gambling game was “Lo Giuoco del Lotto d’Italia”. On years passing the name LOTTERY was changed to BINGO. Though the name was changed but the craze for this game had been on a large scale.

According to history of BINGO, at first it was named as “BEANO” and it was competed at a festival in Atlanta, Georgia. Later Mr. Edwin S. Lowe a salesman from New York named this game as “BINGO”, after that he overheard someone unexpectedly squalled “Bingo” for “Beano”. Later he engaged with a Mathematics Professor, Carl Leffler from Columbia University, to alter the probability of playing bingo cards. By 1039, he had ex-cogitated 6,000 dissimilar bingo cards.

Bingo is played in big halls with cash prizes. This Bingo game is played in every sea side towns. This is a card game of minimum size 5*5 grid. The Prizes may vary for these games but on average the prize worth for one line is £1.00 to £2.50. For two lines the prize worth may be £2.00 to £5.00. For Full house the prize worth may be £5.00 to £10.00. These prize values may vary depending on the organizer.

In large towns and cities Bingo is a Big Business and people are deadly earnest, hoping to win huge jackpots.

Bingo game comes under Gambling category. This game was played on cards. These cards are known as “Bingo Cards” having 3 rows and 9 columns, normally come in Books. A single book may contain 10 cards of different colors.

The numbers are announced by caller, so everyone must pay attention to the number that are yelled out and mark them correctly and precise on your cards. The caller yells out numbers until one or more players claim BINGO. If the player finished the first or second or third row then according to the organizer the prize was awarded. If all the numbers are stricken off in a card, this is known as House. Then the game stops and the numbers are verified. If there is a winner, the prizes are awarded.

Computer had changed the way of bingo game in bingo halls. Now a day, Bingo became portable and is able to play multiple cards at a time. The caller shouts the numbers; players have to punch the accurate numbers. These punched cards are scanned in a computer and then checks whether they are correct or not. If they are correct then the player shouts “BINGO”. There are many electronic bingo devices with different colors and sound effects.

At present we can download the tickets or the cards of bingo from online, or we can also book the tickets. While playing online the tickets are selected randomly. Every online game has a caller and announces the numbers, in some games the numbers are stricken off automatically. There are many online bingo game sites. Where a player can register, play and win prizes and also some jackpots.

The History of Slots

Those who play casino games had played slot machines at one point in their gambling lives. Some are still even trying their luck at slot machines while some may have given up and resorted to table games where winning is not based on luck alone. But did you know that the slot machine had undergone series of changes before reaching its present state and the internet?

The history of slot machines started in the late 19th century when a machine was designed with five drums displaying poker hands. However, due to the very large number of possible combinations in this machine, automatic payout for every combination is almost impossible to achieve. The prizes instead are free beers, cigars, or drinks, depending on the owner.

Charles Fey then invented a new machine based on the first machine. It had 3 reels instead of 5 drums and 5 symbols instead of 10 cards. He was then able to devise automatic payouts for every combination since the number of possible combinations is significantly reduced. One of the 5 symbols is the Liberty Bell – which gave the machine its name; others are horseshoes, diamonds, spades, and hearts.

Imitators then devised their own machines similar to the Liberty Bell but with different symbols and different prizes. This is when slot machines featuring fruits – including cherry and melon that we still see today – were devised and introduced. The Bell Fruit Gum Company introduced the first line of slot machines which did not have money as payouts but gum. It was most probably an effort to sell their gum.

The bar signs that slots of today feature came from the logo of the Bell Fruit Gum Company.

It was in the 60’s that electronic machines were introduced. Electronic slots are much harder to cheat and are more secure than mechanical ones. More and more casinos later adapted electronic ones.

Today, there are many varieties of slots being offered at casinos worldwide. Slot machines games are also offered in online casino if one cannot be bothered going to a casino. Online casinos also work as real casinos since the deposit and payout is real money.

The catch with online casinos is the casino bonus which is being offered upon sign up and first deposit. Some sign up bonuses are higher than others so one must make sure to find the best bonus which suits him. After signing up with any online casino, I assume people will be trying their luck first on the different varieties of slot machines.